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About Yatin

Yatin Batra
The author is graduated in Electronics & Telecommunication. During his studies, he has been involved with a significant number of projects ranging from programming and software engineering to telecommunications analysis. He works as a technical lead in the information technology sector where he is primarily involved with projects based on Java/J2EE technologies platform and novel UI technologies.

JavaScript switch Example

Greetings readers, in this tutorial, we will show how to use the JavaScript scripting language and the switch conditional statement.

1. Introduction

JavaScript is an object-oriented programming language that allows the client-side scripting to interact with a user and deliver the dynamic pages. Most web browsers including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Opera, etc. support it. The JavaScript scripting language includes:

  • Declaring variables
  • Maintaining the retrieving values
  • Defining and invoking functions
  • Defining classes
  • Load and use external modules
  • Define event handlers
  • And much more ….

1.1 Advantages of JavaScript Language

The pros of using the JavaScript scripting language are:

  • JavaScript is easy to learn
  • It executes on client’s browser, so eliminates the server-side processing and be executed on any OS
  • JavaScript can be used with any type of web page e.g. PHP, ASP.NET, Perl etc
  • Web-page performance increases due to client-side execution
  • JavaScript code can be minified to decrease the loading time from the server
  • Many JavaScript-based application frameworks are available in the market to create Single page web applications e.g. AngularJS, ReactJS etc.

1.2 Disadvantages of JavaScript Language

The cons of using the JavaScript scripting language are:

  • No support for networking applications
  • Does not have any multi-threading or multi-processing capabilities
  • Does not allow the file reading and writing capabilities

1.3 JavaScript switch

The switch conditional statement is useful when developers want to execute one of the multiple code blocks based on a given value. The switch statement contains an expression or a literal value. Over here represents the simple syntax to practice this method.

Snippet

switch(expression or literal value) {
	case 1:
		// Code to be executed.
		break;
	case 2:
		// Code to be executed.
		break;
	case n:
		// Code to be executed.
		break;
	default:
		// default code to be executed if nothing match.
}
JavaScript switch - Switch-case statement flowchart

Fig. 1: Switch-case statement flowchart

Important points:

  • The switch is a conditional statement like if
  • The duplicate case values in the switch case are not allowed
  • The default statement in the switch is optional and will be executed only if the expression does not match with any case
  • The break keyword in switch terminates the execution of the case block. If omitted, the execution will continue to the next case
  • The switch case can be combined to execute the same code block for multiple cases

These new APIs make a developer life easier, really! However, it would be difficult for a beginner to understand this without an example. Therefore, let us create a simple application using the JavaScript scripting language.

2. JavaScript Switch Example

Here is a systematic guide for implementing this tutorial using the JavaScript language.

2.1 Tools Used

We are using Eclipse Kepler SR2, JDK 8 and Maven. Having said that, we have tested the code against JDK 1.7 and it works well.

2.2 Project Structure

Firstly, let us review the final project structure if you are confused about where you should create the corresponding files or folder later!

JavaScript switch - Application Project Structure

Fig. 2: Application Project Structure

2.3 Project Creation

This section will show on how to create a Java-based Maven project with Eclipse. In Eclipse Ide, go to File -> New -> Maven Project.

JavaScript switch - Create a Maven Project

Fig. 3: Create a Maven Project

In the New Maven Project window, it will ask you to select the project location. By default, ‘Use default workspace location’ will be selected. Just click on the next button to proceed.

JavaScript switch - Project Details

Fig. 4: Project Details

Select the ‘Maven Web App’ Archetype from the list of options and click next.

JavaScript switch - Archetype Selection

Fig. 5: Archetype Selection

It will ask you to ‘Enter the group and the artifact id for the project’. We will input the details as shown in the below image. The version number will be by default: 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.

JavaScript switch - Archetype Parameters

Fig. 6: Archetype Parameters

Click on Finish and the creation of a maven project is completed. If you see, it has downloaded the maven dependencies and a pom.xml file will be created. It will have the following code:

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId> com.javascript</groupId>
	<artifactId>JavaScriptSwitch</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
</project>

3. Application Building

Let us create an application to understand the basic building blocks of this tutorial.

3.1 Define the HTML

Let us write a simple index page in the JavaScriptSwitch/src/main/webapp/ folder. Add the following code to it:

index.jsp

<div class="form-group">
	<!-- month selection drop-down. -->
	<label class="col-sm-2 control-label pt6">Select month:</label>
	<div class="col-sm-2">
		<select id="month_idx" class="form-control" onchange="month();">
			<option value="jan">January</option>
			<option value="feb">February</option>
			<option value="mar">March</option>
			<option value="apr">April</option>
			<option value="may">May</option>
			<option value="jun">June</option>
			<option value="jul">July</option>
			<option value="aug">August</option>
			<option value="sept">September</option>
			<option value="oct">October</option>
			<option value="nov">November</option>
			<option value="dec">December</option>
		</select>
	</div>
</div>

3.2 Define the JavaScript function

Let us write a simple javascript function that takes the value from the month drop-down and executes the switch case. Add the following code to it:

JavaScript function

function month() {
	var str = "";
	var mon = document.getElementById("month_idx").value;
	
	switch(mon) {
		case "jan": 
			str = "You selected January.";
			break;
		case "feb": 
			str = "You selected February.";
			break;
		case "mar": 
			str = "You selected March.";
			break;
		case "apr": 
			str = "You selected April.";
			break;
		case "may": 
			str = "You selected May.";
			break;
		case "jun": 
			str = "You selected June.";
			break;
		case "jul": 
			str = "You selected July.";
			break;
		case "aug": 
			str = "You selected August.";
			break;
		case "sept": 
			str = "You selected September.";
			break;
		case "oct": 
			str = "You selected October.";
			break;
		case "nov": 
			str = "You selected November.";
			break;
		default:
			str = "You selected December.";
			break;
	}

	document.getElementById("result").innerHTML = str;
}

3.3 First application

Complete the above steps and save the file. Let us see the sample code snippet.

index.jsp

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>

<head>
    <title>Index Page</title>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css">

    <script type="text/javascript">
        function month() {
            var str = "";
            var mon = document.getElementById("month_idx").value;

            switch (mon) {
                case "jan":
                    str = "You selected January.";
                    break;
                case "feb":
                    str = "You selected February.";
                    break;
                case "mar":
                    str = "You selected March.";
                    break;
                case "apr":
                    str = "You selected April.";
                    break;
                case "may":
                    str = "You selected May.";
                    break;
                case "jun":
                    str = "You selected June.";
                    break;
                case "jul":
                    str = "You selected July.";
                    break;
                case "aug":
                    str = "You selected August.";
                    break;
                case "sept":
                    str = "You selected September.";
                    break;
                case "oct":
                    str = "You selected October.";
                    break;
                case "nov":
                    str = "You selected November.";
                    break;
                default:
                    str = "You selected December.";
                    break;
            }

            document.getElementById("result").innerHTML = str;
        }
    </script>

    <style type="text/css">
        .pt6 {
            padding-top: 6px;
        }
        
        #result {
            margin-left: 16px;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div class="container">
        <h2 align="center" class="text-primary">JavaScript Switch Example</h2>
        <hr />

        <!------ JavaScript Switch Example ------>
        <div class="form-group">
            <!-- month selection drop-down. -->
            <label class="col-sm-2 control-label pt6">Select month:</label>
            <div class="col-sm-2">
                <select id="month_idx" class="form-control" onchange="month();">
                    <option value="jan">January</option>
                    <option value="feb">February</option>
                    <option value="mar">March</option>
                    <option value="apr">April</option>
                    <option value="may">May</option>
                    <option value="jun">June</option>
                    <option value="jul">July</option>
                    <option value="aug">August</option>
                    <option value="sept">September</option>
                    <option value="oct">October</option>
                    <option value="nov">November</option>
                    <option value="dec">December</option>
                </select>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div> </div>
        <div> </div>

        <h4 id="result" class="text-info"></h4>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

4. Run the Application

As we are ready for all the changes, let us compile the project and deploy the application on the Tomcat7 server. To deploy the application on Tomat7, right-click on the project and navigate to Run as -> Run on Server.

JavaScript switch - Deploy Application on Tomcat

Fig. 7: How to Deploy Application on Tomcat

Tomcat will deploy the application in its web-apps folder and shall start its execution to deploy the project so that we can go ahead and test it in the browser.

5. Project Demo

Open your favorite browser and hit the following URL to display the application’s index page as shown in Fig. 8.

http://localhost:8082/JavaScriptSwitch/

Server name (localhost) and port (8082) may vary as per your Tomcat configuration.

JavaScript switch - Index page

Fig. 8: Index page

Users can select the values from the dropdown and the selected value will be displayed to the user as shown in Fig. 9.

JavaScript switch - Output

Fig. 9: Output

That is all for this tutorial and I hope the article served you whatever you were looking for. Happy Learning and do not forget to share!

6. Conclusion

In this section, developers learned how to create a simple application with the JavaScript language. Developers can download the sample application as an Eclipse project in the Downloads section.

7. Download the Eclipse Project

This was an example of JavaScript Switch Example for the beginners.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: JavaScriptSwitch
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