Home » JavaScript » Angular.js » AngularJS HTTP Post Example

About Yatin

Yatin Batra
The author is graduated in Electronics & Telecommunication. During his studies, he has been involved with a significant number of projects ranging from programming and software engineering to telecommunications analysis. He works as a technical lead in the information technology sector where he is primarily involved with projects based on Java/J2EE technologies platform and novel UI technologies.

AngularJS HTTP Post Example

Hello readers, in this tutorial, we will learn how to implement the angular library $http.post() method in the angular web applications. For this tutorial, we’ll send an HTTP post request to the web server.

1. Introduction

AngularJS is a JavaScript MVC or Model-view-controller framework developed by Google that lets developers build well structured, easily testable, and maintainable front-end applications. The angular library provides multiple out-of-box services and Angular Ajax is one of them.

The angular framework provides the $http services and is used to do the HTTP request to retrieve the desired data from the server. The server would then make a database call to retrieve the required records in the JSON format. In Angular Ajax, developers can send the Ajax requests in multiple ways, such as:

  • Angular Ajax calls through $http service
  • JSONP calls through $http service
  • REST API calls
Fig. 1: Ajax request in Angular

Fig. 1: Ajax request in Angular

1.1 What are HTTP service?

$http is the core angular service used to do the HTTP requests to communicate with the remote servers and retrieve the required data through the browser’s XMLHttpRequest object or the JSON. To access the Angular Ajax in a controller, developers will have to use the $scope object i.e. $http service sends the data to the web server in the following way.

$http basic syntax

$http({
	method : "POST",
	url : "<sample_url_path>",
data: form_data,
	headers: header_config
}).then(function(response) {
	$scope.output_msg = response.data;
});

Where:

  • The method property defines the ‘GET‘ or the ‘POST‘ operator
  • The url property is the URL of the HTTP server to perform the required operations
  • The data property is used to send the required values to the requested URL
  • The header property specifies the ‘content-type
  • The $http service makes an Ajax call and set the result in the output_msg property. Later, this model object displays the result in HTML

Do note, the $http service returns the success() and failure() promise objects that take call back functions as parameters.

1.1.1 HTTP Service Methods

There are several functions of calling the $http service. Below is the list of built-in functions available with this service.

  • $http.get(url, config): This is frequently used method to read the records from the server
  • $http.post(url, data, config) and $http.put(url, data, config): These methods accept an input argument to be sent to the server in JSON string. The response object of the $http.post() and $http.put() methods has following properties:
    • Configuration object used to generate the HTTP request
    • Response data which can either be a string or an object
    • The status code and text of the HTTP response
    • Header information
  • $http.delete(url, config): This method deletes the record or the information from the server
  • $http.head(url, config): This method allows the client and the server to pass an additional information with the request or the response object

Developers can refer this link to have a detailed information on $http service. These new APIs make developer’s life easier, really! But it would be difficult for a beginner to understand this without an example. Therefore, let us create a simple application using the $http.post() method for sending the data to the web server.

2. AngularJS HTTP Post Example

Here is a step-by-step guide for implementing the $http.post() method in angular applications.

2.1 Tools Used

We are using Eclipse Kepler SR2, JDK 8 and Maven. Having said that, we have tested the code against JDK 1.7 and it works well.

2.2 Project Structure

Firstly, let’s review the final project structure if you are confused about where you should create the corresponding files or folder later!

Fig. 2: Application Project Structure

Fig. 2: Application Project Structure

2.3 Project Creation

This section will show how to create a Java-based Maven project with Eclipse. In Eclipse Ide, go to File -> New -> Maven Project.

Fig. 3: Create Maven Project

Fig. 3: Create Maven Project

In the New Maven Project window, it will ask you to select project location. By default, ‘Use default workspace location’ will be selected. Just click on next button to proceed.

Fig. 4: Project Details

Fig. 4: Project Details

Select the ‘Maven Web App’ Archetype from the list of options and click next.

Fig. 5: Archetype Selection

Fig. 5: Archetype Selection

It will ask you to ‘Enter the group and the artifact id for the project’. We will enter the details as shown in the below image. The version number will be by default: 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.

Fig. 6: Archetype Parameters

Fig. 6: Archetype Parameters

Click on Finish and the creation of a maven project is completed. If you see, it has downloaded the maven dependencies and a pom.xml file will be created. It will have the following code:

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>AngularHttpPost</groupId>
	<artifactId>AngularHttpPost</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
</project>

Let’s start building the application!

3. Application Building

Let’s create an application to understand the basic building blocks of the $http.post() method in the angular library.

3.1 Load the AngularJS framework

Since it is a pure JavaScript framework, we should add its reference using the <script> tag.

<script type="text/javascript" src="resource/js/angular_v1.6.0.js"></script>

3.2 Define the AngularJS application

Next, we will define the angular application using the <ng-app> and <ng-controller> directives.

index.jsp

<div ng-app = "myApp" ng-controller="ctrl">
 	.....
</div>

3.3 Creating an AngularJS Controller

The JavaScript file i.e. ang_http_post_data.js includes the ctrl function as the “controller” in the Model-view-controller. This JavaScript code has a function named validateCredentials() which has:

  • The data object that contains the serialized value from the login_id and the login_pwd fields of the HTML form
  • Config attribute to change the default content-type header of the angular library
  • $http.post() method to send the asynchronous request to the web server on the specified url and the response data is set into the $scope.output_msg property

ang_http_post_data.js

var app = angular.module("app", []);

app.controller("ctrl", ['$scope', '$http', function($scope, $http) {

	$scope.output_msg = null;

	// Use $.param jQuery function to serialize data from JSON 
	var form_data = $.param({
		id: $scope.login_id,
		pwd: $scope.login_pwd
	});

	var header_config = {
			headers: {
				'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;charset=utf-8;'
			}
	};

	$scope.validateCredentials = function() {
		$http({
			method: 'POST',
			url: '<sample_application_path>/samplepost',
			data: form_data,
			config: header_config
		}).then(
				function(response) {
					$scope.output_msg = response.data.msg;
					angular.element(document.getElementById("msg")).css("color", "green");
					console.log("Status Code= " + response.status + ", Status Text= " + response.statusText);
				},
				function(response) {
					$scope.output_msg = "Service unavailable. Please try again.";
					angular.element(document.getElementById("msg")).css("color", "red");
					console.log("Status Code= " + response.status + ", Status Text= " + response.statusText);
				});
	};
}]);

3.4 Complete Application

Complete the above steps and I will show you how to use the Angular Ajax with real-life practices. Let’s see the HTML code snippet which has two text-boxes and a submit button to post the data to the web server.

index.jsp

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
    <title>AngularJS HttpPost</title>
	
	<!-- jQuery File -->
	<script type="text/javascript" src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.js"></script>
	
    <!-- AngularJs File -->
    <script type="text/javascript" src="resource/js/angular_v1.6.0.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="resource/js/ang_http_post_data.js"></script>

    <!-- Bootstrap Css -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css">    
</head>
<body>
    <div id="angularHttpPost" class="container">
        <h1 align="center" class="text-primary">AngularJS - HTTP Post Example</h1>
        <hr />

        <!------ ANGULAR JS HTTP 'Post()' EXAMPLE ------>
        <div ng-app="app" ng-controller="ctrl">
            <h3 id="header_msg" class="text-warning">A demo of HTTP '<em>post()</em>' method in Angular JavaScript!</h3>
            <div> </div>

            <!----- CREDENTIALS FORM ------>
            <div class="input-group col-xs-4">
                <span class="input-group-addon"><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></i></span>
                <input type="text" class="form-control" id="lid" placeholder="Enter login id ..." name="login_id" ng-model="login_id" required="required" maxlength="6">                
            </div>
            <div> </div>
            <div class="input-group col-xs-4">
                <span class="input-group-addon"><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-lock"></i></span>
                <input type="password" class="form-control" id="lpwd" placeholder="Enter password ..." name="login_pwd" ng-model="login_pwd" required="required">
            </div>
            <small id="loginHelp" class="form-text text-muted"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-asterisk"></span>Validate your login credentials.</small>

            <!----- SUBMIT BUTTON ------>
            <div> </div>
            <button id="submit_btn" class="btn btn-primary" ng-click="validateCredentials()">Validate</button>
			            
            <!----- SUCCESS / ERROR MESSAGE ------>
            <div> </div>
            <div id="msg">{{ output_msg }}</div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

4. Run the Application

As we are ready for all the changes, let us compile the project and deploy the application on the Tomcat7 server. To deploy the application on Tomat7, right-click on the project and navigate to Run as -> Run on Server.

Fig. 7: How to Deploy Application on Tomcat

Fig. 7: How to Deploy Application on Tomcat

Tomcat will deploy the application in its web-apps folder and shall start its execution to deploy the project so that we can go ahead and test it in the browser.

5. Project Demo

Open your favorite browser and hit the following URL. The output page using the angular ajax will be displayed.

http://localhost:8080/AngularHttpPost/

Server name (localhost) and port (8080) may vary as per your Tomcat configuration.

Fig. 8: Application Index page

Fig. 8: Application Index page

Here, if the login credentials are successfully validated, the users will get a success message as shown in Fig. 9

Fig. 9: Success message

Fig. 9: Success message

If the server URL is not responding, the user will get an error message as shown in Fig. 10.

Fig. 10: Error message

Fig. 10: Error message

That’s all for this post. Happy Learning!!

6. Conclusion

In this section, developers learned how to create a simple application using the $http.post() method. Developers can download the sample application as an Eclipse project in the Downloads section.

7. Download the Eclipse Project

This was a tutorial of the $http.post() method in the angular library.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: AngularHttpPost
(0 rating, 0 votes)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Start the discussion Views Tweet it!
Do you want to know how to develop your skillset to become a Web Rockstar?
Subscribe to our newsletter to start Rocking right now!
To get you started we give you our best selling eBooks for FREE!
1. Building web apps with Node.js
2. HTML5 Programming Cookbook
3. CSS Programming Cookbook
4. AngularJS Programming Cookbook
5. jQuery Programming Cookbook
6. Bootstrap Programming Cookbook
and many more ....
I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policy

Leave a Reply

avatar

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

  Subscribe  
Notify of