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About Yatin

Yatin Batra
The author is graduated in Electronics & Telecommunication. During his studies, he has been involved with a significant number of projects ranging from programming and software engineering to telecommunications analysis. He works as a technical lead in the information technology sector where he is primarily involved with projects based on Java/J2EE technologies platform and novel UI technologies.

jQuery children() Example

Hello readers, in this tutorial we will show how to use the jQuery library and the jQuery children() function in a simple HTML application.

1. Introduction

jQuery is nothing but a JavaScript library that comes with rich functionalities. It’s small and faster than many JavaScript code written by an average web developer. By using jQuery developers can write less code and do more things, making web developer’s tasks very easy. In simple word, jQuery is a collection of several useful methods, which can be used to carry out many common tasks in JavaScript. A couple of lines of jQuery code can do things which need too many JavaScript lines to do. The true power of jQuery comes from its CSS-like selector, which allows it to select any element from DOM and change, update or manipulate it. Developers can use jQuery to do cool animations like fade in or fade out. They can also change the CSS class of a component dynamically e.g. making a component active or inactive. I have used this technique to make tabbed UI in HTML. I can vouch for jQuery that once developers start using it, they will never go back to plain old JavaScript as jQuery is clear, concise, and powerful.

1.1 Why jQuery?

  • It helps in improving the application performance and increasing the developer’s productivity
  • It helps in developing the browser compatible web-page
  • It helps in implementing the UI related critical functionality without writing the several lines of codes
  • It is fast and extensible i.e. developers can use the jQuery library to implement the customized behavior
  • It is simpler and easy to learn

1.2 jQuery children() Function

The jQuery children() function is an inbuilt function that returns all the direct children of the selected HTML element. This method only traverses a single level down the DOM tree and doesn’t return the text nodes. Here is the simple syntax to use this method.

Snippet

$(selector).children([ filter ])

Do note, the filter is an optional argument that narrows down the search for the children. If not supplied, then all the children’s are selected. These new APIs make a developer life easier, really! But it would be difficult for a beginner to understand this without an example. Therefore, let us create a simple application using the jQuery library.

2. jQuery children() Example

Here is a step-by-step guide for implementing this tutorial using the jQuery library.

2.1 Tools Used

We are using Eclipse Kepler SR2, JDK 8 and Maven. Having said that, we have tested the code against JDK 1.7 and it works well.

2.2 Project Structure

Firstly, let’s review the final project structure if you are confused about where you should create the corresponding files or folder later!

jQuery children() - Application Project Structure

Fig. 1: Application Project Structure

2.3 Project Creation

This section will show on how to create a Java-based Maven project with Eclipse. In Eclipse Ide, go to File -> New -> Maven Project.

jQuery children() - Create a Maven Project

Fig. 2: Create a Maven Project

In the New Maven Project window, it will ask you to select project location. By default, ‘Use default workspace location’ will be selected. Just click on next button to proceed.

jQuery children() - Project Details

Fig. 3: Project Details

Select the ‘Maven Web App’ Archetype from the list of options and click next.

jQuery children() - Archetype Selection

Fig. 4: Archetype Selection

It will ask you to ‘Enter the group and the artifact id for the project’. We will input the details as shown in the below image. The version number will be by default: 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.

jQuery children() - Archetype Parameters

Fig. 5: Archetype Parameters

Click on Finish and the creation of a maven project is completed. If you see, it has downloaded the maven dependencies and a pom.xml file will be created. It will have the following code:

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>com.jquery</groupId>
	<artifactId>jQueryChildern</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
</project>

Let’s start building the application!

3. Application Building

Let’s create an application to understand the basic building blocks of this tutorial.

3.1 Load the jQuery Library

Since it is a pure JavaScript framework, so developers should add its reference using the <script> tag.

<script type="text/javascript" src="resource/js/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>

Developers can either download the jQuery from the official website and the application will then directly load the jQuery library from the local drive or they can also include the direct CDN link under the script tag.

3.2 Define the Application

Next, we will define the sample application using the HTML tags.

<ul id="children" class="list-group">
	<li id="count1" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">JavaScript</span></li>
	<li id="count2" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">jQuery</span></li>
	<li id="count3" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">AngularJs</span></li>
	<li id="count4" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">HTML/CSS</span></li>
	<li id="count5" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">NodeJs</span></li>
</ul>
<div> </div>

<button id="btn" type="submit" class="btn btn-info">Click</button>

3.3 Define a jQuery Function

In this step, we’ll demonstrate the jQuery children() function. This function would apply the red color to all the direct children of the <li> tag. Here $() is the default syntax for the jQuery function and is used to define the jQuery part. $(document).ready method gets called when the document is loaded.

$(document).ready(function() {		        
	$('#btn').click(function() {
		$("li").children().css({"color": "red"});
	});
});

3.4 First jQuery Application

Complete all the above steps and save the file. Let’s see the sample code snippet.

index.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
	<head>
		<title>IndexPage</title>
	    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
	    	    
	    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css">
	    
	    <script type="text/javascript" src="resource/js/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>	    
	    <script type="text/javascript">	        
	        $(document).ready(function() {		        
		        $('#btn').click(function() {
		        	$("li").children().css({"color": "red"});
		        });
	        });
	    </script>
	</head>
	<body>
	    <div class="container">
	    	<h2 align="center" class="text-primary">jQuery children() Example</h2><hr />
	    	<div></div>
	    	
	    	<!------ jQuery children() Example ------>
	    	<ul id="children" class="list-group">
	            <li id="count1" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">JavaScript</span></li>
	            <li id="count2" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">jQuery</span></li>
	            <li id="count3" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">AngularJs</span></li>
	            <li id="count4" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">HTML/CSS</span></li>
	            <li id="count5" class="list-group-item"><span id="tech_name">NodeJs</span></li>
	        </ul>
	        <div> </div>

	        <button id="btn" type="submit" class="btn btn-info">Click</button>
	    </div>
	</body>
</html>

4. Run the Application

As we are ready for all the changes, let us compile the project and deploy the application on the Tomcat7 server. To deploy the application on Tomat7, right-click on the project and navigate to Run as -> Run on Server.

jQuery children() - Deploy Application on Tomcat

Fig. 6: How to Deploy Application on Tomcat

Tomcat will deploy the application in its web-apps folder and shall start its execution to deploy the project so that we can go ahead and test it in the browser.

5. Project Demo

Open your favorite browser and hit the following URL to display the application’s output page.

http://localhost:8082/jQueryChildern/

Server name (localhost) and port (8082) may vary as per your Tomcat configuration.

jQuery children() - Output page

Fig. 7: Output page

Users can click the Click button that will select the direct children’s of the <li> tag and would apply the red font color as shown in Fig. 8.

jQuery children()

Fig. 8: jQuery ‘Children’ function

That’s all for this tutorial and I hope the article served you whatever you were looking for. Happy Learning and don’t forget to share!

6. Conclusion

In this section, developers learned how to create a simple application with the jQuery library. Developers can download the sample application as an Eclipse project in the Downloads section.

7. Download the Eclipse Project

This was an example of jQuery children() function for the beginners.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: jQueryChildern
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