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About Yatin Batra

Yatin Batra
Yatin has graduated in Electronics & Telecommunication. During his studies, he has been involved with a large number of projects ranging from programming and software engineering to telecommunications analysis. He works as a software developer in Java/J2EE & UI technologies.

jQuery with HTML Example

Hello readers, in this tutorial, we will show readers how to use the jQuery library in a simple HTML application.

1. Introduction

jQuery is nothing but a JavaScript library that comes with rich functionalities. It’s small and faster than many JavaScript code written by an average web developer. By using jQuery developers can write less code and do more things, it makes the web developer’s task very easy. In simple words, jQuery is a collection of several useful methods, which can be used to carry out many common tasks in JavaScript. A couple of lines of jQuery code can do things which need too many JavaScript lines to do.

 
The true power of jQuery comes from its CSS-like selector, which allows it to select any element from DOM and change, update or manipulate it. Developers can use jQuery to do cool animations like fade in or fade out. They can also change the CSS class of a component dynamically e.g. making a component active or inactive. I have used this technique to make tabbed UI in HTML. I can vouch for jQuery that once developers start using it, they will never go back to plain old JavaScript as jQuery is clear, concise, and powerful.

1.1 Why jQuery?

  • It helps in improving the application performance and increasing the developer’s productivity
  • It helps in developing the browser compatible web-page
  • It helps in implementing the UI related critical functionality without writing the several lines of codes
  • It is fast and extensible i.e. developers can use the jQuery library to implement the customized behavior
  • It is simpler and easy to learn

These new APIs make developer’s life easier, really! But it would be difficult for a beginner to understand this without an example. Therefore, let us create a simple application using the jQuery library.

2. jQuery and HTML Example

Here is a step-by-step guide for implementing this tutorial using the jQuery library.

2.1 Tools Used

We are using Eclipse Kepler SR2, JDK 8 and Maven. Having said that, we have tested the code against JDK 1.7 and it works well.

2.2 Project Structure

Firstly, let’s review the final project structure if you are confused about where you should create the corresponding files or folder later!

Fig. 1: Application Project Structure

Fig. 1: Application Project Structure

2.3 Project Creation

This section will show on how to create a Java-based Maven project with Eclipse. In Eclipse Ide, go to File -> New -> Maven Project.

Fig. 2: Create Maven Project

Fig. 2: Create Maven Project

In the New Maven Project window, it will ask you to select project location. By default, ‘Use default workspace location’ will be selected. Just click on next button to proceed.

Fig. 3: Project Details

Fig. 3: Project Details

Select the ‘Maven Web App’ Archetype from the list of options and click next.

Fig. 4: Archetype Selection

Fig. 4: Archetype Selection

It will ask you to ‘Enter the group and the artifact id for the project’. We will input the details as shown in the below image. The version number will be by default: 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.

Fig. 5: Archetype Parameters

Fig. 5: Archetype Parameters

Click on Finish and the creation of a maven project is completed. If you see, it has downloaded the maven dependencies and a pom.xml file will be created. It will have the following code:

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>jqueryHtmlEx</groupId>
	<artifactId>jqueryHtmlEx</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
</project>

Let’s start building the application!

3. Application Building

Let’s create an application to understand the basic building blocks of this tutorial.

3.1 Load the jQuery Library

Since it is a pure JavaScript framework, developers should add its reference using the <script> tag.

<script type="text/javascript" src="resource/js/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>

Developers can either download the jQuery from the official website and the application will then directly load the jQuery library from the local drive or they can also include the direct CDN link under the script tag.

3.2 Define the Application

Next, we will define the sample application using the HTML tags.

<div id="jquery_html" class="container">
	<h2 align="center" class="text-primary">jQuery and HTML Example</h2>
	<hr />

	<!------ jQuery and Html Example ------>
	<div id="my_div">
		Click on this to see a dialogue box.
	</div>
</div>

3.3 Define a jQuery Function

In this step, we’ll define a simple jQuery function to display an alert box on the text click. Here $() is the default syntax for the jQuery function and is used to define jQuery part. $(document).ready method get called when the document is loaded.

$(document).ready(function() {
	$("#my_div").click(function() {
		alert("Greetings world!");
	});
});

3.4 First jQuery Application

Complete all the above steps and save the file. Let’s see the sample code snippet.

index.jsp

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
	    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
	    <title>jQuery and Html</title>
	
	    <!-- jQuery File -->
	    <script type="text/javascript" src="resource/js/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>	    
	
	    <!-- Bootstrap Css -->
	    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
	    
	    <script type="text/javascript">
	    	$(document).ready(function() {
            	$("#my_div").click(function() {
            		alert("Greetings world!");
            	});
         	});
	    </script>
	</head>
	<body>
	    <div id="jquery_html" class="container">
	        <h2 align="center" class="text-primary">jQuery and HTML Example</h2>
	        <hr />
	
	        <!------ jQuery and Html Example ------>
	        <div id="my_div">
	        	Click on this to see a dialogue box.
	        </div>
	    </div>
	</body>
</html>

4. Run the Application

As we are ready for all the changes, let us compile the project and deploy the application on the Tomcat7 server. To deploy the application on Tomat7, right-click on the project and navigate to Run as -> Run on Server.

Fig. 6: How to Deploy Application on Tomcat

Fig. 6: How to Deploy Application on Tomcat

Tomcat will deploy the application in its web-apps folder and shall start its execution to deploy the project so that we can go ahead and test it in the browser.

5. Project Demo

Open your favorite browser and hit the following URL to display the index page of the application.

http://localhost:8080/jqueryHtmlEx/

Server name (localhost) and port (8080) may vary as per your Tomcat configuration. Developers can debug the example and see what happens after every step. Enjoy!

Fig. 7: Index page

Fig. 7: Index page

On clicking the sample text, developers will see an alert box with the greetings message as shown in Fig. 8.

Fig. 8: Hide Paragraph Text

Fig. 8: Hide Paragraph Text

That’s all for this post. Happy Learning!!

6. Conclusion

In this section, developers learned how to create a simple application with the jQuery library. Developers can download the sample application as an Eclipse project in the Downloads section.

7. Download the Eclipse Project

This was an example of jQuery and HTML for the beginners.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: jqueryHtmlEx
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